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Impressionism is a style of art that began in France in the 1860-s and largely defined the development of art in the 19th century. Its central figures were Cesanne Monet, Renoir, and their contribution into the development was unique. Impressionists stood against the conditions of classicism romanticism, and academism, declared the beauty of daily reality, simple and democratic motives and strived for the liveness of the picture, tried to catch the “impression” from what they saw at a certain moment.

Manet, Edouard (1832-1883 гг.)
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Monet, Claude (1840-1926 гг.)
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Renoir, (Pierre) Auguste (1841-1919 гг.)
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Pissarro, Camille (1830-1903 гг.)
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The term Post-Impressionism was first used by an English critic Roger Frei in relation to different directions in art, that appeared in France in the period of 1880-1905 as a reaction to impressionism. The artists of post-impressionism seeked for new, and new means that were more vivid and more with the times, in their opinion: Seraut, for example, studied the problems of light and colour perception; Cezanne was interested in stable laws of color and form combinations; Gauguin created the so-called synthesysm; Van Gogh’s paintings are built on vivid colors, expressive painting and free compositional decisions.

Gogh, Vincent van (1853-1890)
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Gauguin, Paul (1848-1903 гг.)
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Munch, Edvard (1863-1944 гг.)

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Сезанн Поль (Cezanne, Paul) (1839-1906 гг.)
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Cubism, is a modernist stream in art (and less of that in sculpture) of the first quarter of the 20th century. It’s appearance is believed to have happened in 1907 and it’s linked with the art of Picasso and Bracke, in part with Picasso’s painting the Avignon girls, where he depicted deformed and rough figures with full absence of perspective and light-shadowing.

Picasso, Pablo (1881-1973 гг.)
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Surrealism is a modernist stream in literature, art, and cinema that was born in France in the 1920-s. It influenced Western culture the most. Surrealism is famous for its passion for everything weird, irrational, not corresponding to accepted standards. The movement itself was very diverse, but its main goal was to free the creative powers of the subconscious and their dominance over the mind.

Dali, Salvador (1904-1989 гг.)
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